The national sides

To complement the uniform face of the euro coins, the European Council indicated its wish to have a side with a national design. The responsibility for the design of the national sides lies with the Member States.

Austria

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Country code: Heraldic Austrian flag
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 EURO * * *
Designer: Josef Kaiser
 
 
1 cent the gentian, symbolizing a duty to the environment
2 cent the edelweiss, symbolizing a duty to the environment and remembering the schilling
5 cent the primula, symbolizing a duty to the environment
10 cent a view of the spire of St. Stephan’s Cathedral in Vienna, a jewel of gothic architecture
20 cent the Belvedere Palace in Vienna, a jewel of baroque architecture
50 cent the Secession exhibition building in Vienna, illustrating the birth of art nouveau
1 euro a portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, prolific and influential composer, 1756–1791
2 euro a portrait of Bertha von Suttner, first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, 1843–1914

Belgium

First series (2002–2007)

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Country code: none
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Jan Alfons Keustermans
   
   
All coins: His Majesty Albert II, King of the Belgians

Second series (since 2008)

In line with the common guidelines on the design of national sides of coins, Belgium has updated its national design for euro coins issued from 2008. Coins issued in previous years remain valid.

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Country code: BE
Mintmark (city of mint): Head of Archangel Gabriel (Brussels)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Jan Alfons Keustermans
   
   
All coins: His Majesty Albert II, King of the Belgians

Third series (since 2014)

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Country code: BE
Mintmark (city of mint): Head of Archangel Gabriel (Brussels)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Luc Luycx
All coins: His Majesty Philippe, King of the Belgians

Cyprus

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Country code: KYΠPOΣ - KIBRIS
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 EYPΩ 2 EURO
Designer: Eric Maell and Tatiana Soteropoulos
1, 2 and 5 cent a couple of moufflons, the most characteristic species of the country’s wildlife
10, 20 and 50 cent the ship of Kyrenia (4th century BC)
1 and 2 euro the idol of Pomos, a cross-shaped chalcolithic figurine (3000 BC)

Estonia

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Country code: EESTI
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): EESTI
Designer: Lembit Lõhmus
All coins: geographical image of Estonia

Finland

First series (2002–2006)

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Country code: none
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): SUOMI FINLAND and three lion heads
Designer: Heikki Häikki Häiväoja (cent coins), Pertti Mäkinen (1 euro), Raimo Heino (2 euro)
1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent Finnish heraldic lion
1 euro two swans flying over a Finnish landscape
2 euro cloudberries and cloudberry flowers

Second series (since 2007)

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Country code: FI
Mintmark (city of mint): Logo of the Finnish mint – Rahapaja (Helsinki-Vantaa)
Edge lettering (2 euro): SUOMI FINLAND and three lion heads
Designer: Heikki Häikki Häiväoja (cent coins), Pertti Mäkinen (1 euro), Raimo Heino (2 euro)
   
   
1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent Finnish heraldic lion
1 euro two swans flying over a Finnish landscape
2 euro cloudberries and cloudberry flowers

France

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Country code: RF (République Française)
Mintmark (city of mint): Cornucopia (Pessac)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Fabienne Courtiade (1, 2 and 5 cent), Laurent Jorio (10, 20 and 50 cent), Joaquim Jiminez (1 and 2 euro)
1, 2 and 5 cent Marianne
10, 20 and 50 cent a sower
1 and 2 euro a tree surrounded by the French motto ‘Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité’

Germany

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Country code: none
Mintmark (city of mint): A (Berlin), D (München), F (Stuttgart), G (Karlsruhe), J (Hamburg)
Edge lettering (2 euro): EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT (federal eagle)
Designer: Rolf Lederbogen (1, 2 and 5 cent), Reinhart Heinsdorff (10, 20 and 50 cent), Heinz Hoyer und Sneschana Russewa-Hoyer (1 and 2 euro)
   
   
1, 2 and 5 cent oak twig
10, 20 and 50 cent Brandenburg Gate
1 and 2 euro German federal eagle

Greece

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Country code: none
Mintmark (city of mint): floral design (Athens)
Edge lettering (2 euro): ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΕΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ
Designer: George Stamatopoulos - TE
1 cent Athenian trireme, ancient Greek warship, 5th century BC
2 cent corvette, a sailing ship used during the Greek war of independence in 1821
5 cent modern commercial vessel (tanker)
10 cent Rigas Velestinlis-Fereos, leading figure of the Greek enlightenment, 1757–1798
20 cent Ioannis Capodistrias, first Governor of Greece in 1830, 1776–1831
50 cent Eleftherios Venizelos, one of Greece’s most prominent political figures, 1864–1936
1 euro Athenian drachma coin featuring an owl, 5th century BC
2 euro Europa being abducted by a bull, taken from a mosaic in Sparta

Ireland

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Country code: eire
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Jarlath Hayes
All coins: Celtic harp

Italy

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Country code: RI (Repubblica Italiana)
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Eugenio Driutti – ED (1 cent), Luciana De Simoni – LDS (2 cent), Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini – ELF (5 cent), Claudia Momoni – CM (10 cent), Maria Angela Cassol – MAC (20 cent), Roberto Mauri – M (50 cent), Laura Cretara – CL (1 euro), Maria Carmela Colaneri – MCC (2 euro)
1 cent Castel del Monte
2 cent Mole Antonelliana, 1863
5 cent Coliseum in Rome, Flavius amphitheater, 80 AD
10 cent detail of Sandro Botticelli’s ‘Birth of Venus’
20 cent Umberto Boccioni’s sculpture ‘Forme uniche di continuità nello spazio’
50 cent Emperor Marcus Aurelius on horseback and Michelangelo’s paving of Campidoglio square
1 euro Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Vitruvian Man’
2 euro Dante Alighieri, a portrait drawn by Raphaël

Latvia

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Country code: LATVIJA (1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent), LATVIJAS REPUBLIKA (1 and 2 euro)
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 Euro): DIEVS * SVĒTĪ * LATVIJU
Designers: Laimonis Senbergs (1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent), Guntars Sietins (1 and 2 euro)
 
 
1, 2 and 5 Cent Small coat of arms of the Republic of Latvia
10, 20 and 50 Cent Large coat of arms of the Republic of Latvia
1 and 2 Euro Portrait of a Latvian folk-maid

Lithuania

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Country code: LIETUVA
Mintmark (city of mint): LMK (Vilnius)
Edge lettering (2 euro): LAISVĖ * VIENYBĖ * GEROVĖ (Liberty, Solidarity, Prosperity)
Designer: Antanas Žukauskas
All coins: Coat of arms of Lithuania (Vytis)

Luxembourg

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Country code: Lëtzebuerg
Mintmark (city of mint): Merkurstab (Utrecht)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Yvette Gastauer-Claire
All coins: His Royal Highness the Grand Duke Henri

Malta

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Country code: MALTA
Mintmark (city of mint): none
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Noel Galea Bason (NGB)
 
 
1, 2 and 5 Cent the altar at the prehistoric temple of Mnajdra
10, 20 and 50 Cent the emblem of Malta
1 and 2 Euro the eight-pointed Maltese cross

The Netherlands

First series (2002 – 2014)

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Country code: Beatrix Koningin der Nederlanden
Mintmark (city of mint): Mercury’s wand (Utrecht)
Edge lettering (2 euro): GOD * ZIJ * MET * ONS *
Designer: Bruno Ninaber van Eijben
1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Cent Her Majesty the Queen Beatrix
1 and 2 Euro Her Majesty the Queen Beatrix and twelve stars

Second series (since 2014)

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Country code: Willem-Alexander Koning der Nederlanden
Mintmark (city of mint): Mercury’s wand (Utrecht)
Edge lettering (2 euro): GOD * ZIJ * MET * ONS *
Designer: Erwin Olaf
All coins: His Majesty the King Willem-Alexander

Portugal

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Country code: Portugal
Mintmark (city of mint): INCM (Lisbon)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 5 coats of arms and 7 castles
Designer: Vitor Manuel Fernandes dos Santos – VS
1, 2 and 5 Cent the first royal seal of 1134
10, 20 and 50 Cent the royal seal of 1142
1 and 2 Euro the royal seal of 1144

Slovakia

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Country code: SLOVENSKO
Mintmark (city of mint): Slovak mint’s logo (Kremnica)
Edge lettering (2 Euro): SLOVENSKA REPUBLIKA followed by a star, a linden leaf and another star
Designers: Drahomir Zobek (1, 2 and 5 cent), Ján Černaj and Pavol Károly (10, 20 and 50 cent), Ivan Řehák (1 and 2 euro)
 
 
1, 2 and 5 Cent the Tatra Mountains’ peak, Kriváň (2494 m), and the national emblem of Slovakia
10, 20 and 50 Cent the Bratislava castle and the national emblem of Slovakia
1 and 2 Euro the national emblem of Slovakia: a double cross on three hills

Slovenia

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Country code: SLOVENIJA
Mintmark (city of mint): Fi (Helsinki-Vantaa)
Edge lettering (2 euro): SLOVENIJA
Designers: Miljenko and Maja Licul, Janez Boljka
1 Cent a stork, remembering the Slovenian tolar
2 Cent Sovereign Enthronement Stone, the base of an ancient Roman ionic column
5 Cent ‘The sower’, detail from a painting of the Slovenian impressionist Ivan Grohar
10 Cent The cathedral of freedom, unrealized plan for the Slovenian Parliament designed by the Slovenian architect Jože Plečnik
20 Cent the Lipizzaner horses
50 Cent Mount Triglav, Slovenia’s highest mountain under the sign of the zodiac Cancer
1 Euro Primož Trubar, the founder of the Slovenian Standard, 1508–1586
2 Euro France Prešeren, Slovenian poet, 1800–1849, and one line from his poem ‘Zdravljica’ which is also used in the country’s national anthem

Spain

First series (2002–2009)

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Country code: ESPAÑA
Mintmark (city of mint): M with crown (Madrid)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designers: Garcilaso Rollán (1, 2 and 5 cent), Begoña Castellanos (10, 20 and 50 cent), Luis José Diaz (1 and 2 euro)
1, 2 and 5 Cent the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
10, 20 and 50 Cent Miguel de Cervantes, poet, the father of Spanish literature, 1547–1616
1 and 2 Euro His Majesty King Juan Carlos I

Second series (since 2010)

In order to comply with the common guidelines on the design of the national sides, Spain has issued new designs of the national sides of Spanish euro coins to be produced from 2010. Coins from previous years featuring the old Spanish national side will remain valid.

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Country code: ESPAÑA
Mintmark (city of mint): M with crown (Madrid)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designers: Garcilaso Rollán (1, 2 and 5 cent), Begoña Castellanos (10, 20 und 50 cent), Luis José Diaz (1 and 2 euro)
1, 2 and 5 Cent the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela
10, 20 and 50 Cent Miguel de Cervantes, poet, the father of Spanish literature, 1547-1616
1 and 2 Euro His Majesty King Juan Carlos I

Third series (since 2015)

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Country code: ESPAÑA
Mintmark (city of mint): M with crown (Madrid)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Designer: Luis José Diaz (1 and 2 euro)
1 to 50 cent: See second series (unchanged)
1 and 2 euro His Majesty King Felipe VI

Andorra

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Country code: ANDORRA
Mintmark (city of mint):  
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Additional marks: Ruben da Silva (1, 2 and 5 cent), Moles Disseny and Escaldes-Engordany (10, 20 and 50 cent), Jordi Puy (1 euro)
1, 2 and 5 Cent Pyrenean chamois and Bearded Vulture
10, 20 and 50 Cent Church of Santa Coloma
1 Euro Casa de la Vall (Headquarters of the General Council of Andorra)
2 Euro Coat of arms of Andorra and the motto: VIRTUS UNITA FORTIOR (United virtue is stronger)

Monaco

First series (2002–2006)

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Country code: Monaco
Mintmark (city of mint): cornucopia (Pessac)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Additional marks: Engraver General’s mintmaster mark
1, 2 and 5 Cent the coat of arms of the Sovereign Prince of Monaco
10, 20 and 50 Cent the Prince’s seal
1 Euro double portrait of Prince Rainier III and Prince Albert II
2 Euro Prince Rainier III

Second series (since 2006)

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Country code: Monaco
Mintmark (city of mint): cornucopia (Pessac)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 * *
Additional marks: Engraver General’s mintmaster mark
1, 2 and 5 Cent the coat of arms of the Sovereign Prince of Monaco
10, 20 and 50 Cent Prince Albert’s monogram
1 and 2 Euro an effigy of Prince Albert II

San Marino

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Country code: San Marino
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer: Frantisek Chochola - CH
Additional mark: ELF INC. (Engraver)
1 cent ‘Il Montale’, Monte Titano’s Third Tower
2 cent Statue of Liberty
5 cent ‘La Guaita’, Monte Titano’s First Tower
10 cent Basilica del Santo
20 cent Saint Marino, based on a canvas of the Guercino school
50 cent Monte Titano’s Three Towers (Guaita, Cesta and Montale)
1 euro San Marino’s official coat of arms
2 euro Palazzo Pubblico, San Marino’s Government Building

Vatican

First series (2002–2005)

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Country code: CITTÁ DEL VATICANO
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer: GV (Guido Veroi)
Additional marks: UP INC. (Engraver: Uliana Pernazza)
All coins: His Holiness Pope John Paul II

Second series (2005)

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Country code: CITTÁ DEL VATICANO
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer: DL (Daniela Longo)
Additional marks: 1 and 20 cent: M.A.C. INC. (Engraver: Maria Angela Cassol)
2 and 50 cent: LDS INC. (Engraver: Luciana de Simoni)
5 cent and 1 euro: ELF INC. (Engraver: Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini)
10 cent and 2 euro: M.C.C. INC. (Engraver: Maria Carmela Colaneri)
All coins: The coat of arms of Cardinal Chamberlain (Camerlengo) surrounded by the words ‘SEDE VACANTE’

Third series (2006 – 2013)

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Country code: CITTÁ DEL VATICANO
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer: DL (Daniela Longo)
Additional marks: 1 and 2 cent: LDS INC. (Engraver: Luciana de Simoni)
5 cent and 1 euro: ELF INC. (Engraver: Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini)
10 cent and 2 euro: M.C.C. INC. (Engraver: Maria Carmela Colaneri)
20 and 50 cent: M.A.C. INC. (Engraver: Maria Angela Cassol)
All coins: His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI

Fourth series (since 2014)

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Country code: CITTÁ DEL VATICANO
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer:  
Additional marks:  
All coins: His Holiness Pope Francis

Fifth series (since 2017)

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Country code: CITTÁ DEL VATICANO
Mintmark (city of mint): R (Rome)
Edge lettering (2 euro): 2 *
Designer:  
Additional marks:  
All coins: Coat of arms of the sovereign of Vatican City, Pope Francis