Budget balances

Publication schedule


This table shows the fiscal balance of the general government, which equals net lending/net borrowing. The general government sector comprises the subsectors central government, state government and local government as well as social security funds. Budget balances are expressed as a percentage of nominal GDP. Forecast values reflect the respective latest forecast by the European Commission.


Eurostat, OECD.

Definitions and terms:

Budget, fiscal balance, budget balance, convergence criteria.


Belgium, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Finland, Euro area, EA19, Denmark, Sweden, United Kingdom, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, EU, EU28, Norway, Switzerland, U.S.A., Japan, budget deficit, fiscal balance, budget balance, Maastricht.